Welcome to our health education library. The information shared below is provided to you as an educational and informational source only and is not intended to replace a medical examination or consultation, or medical advice given to you by a physician or medical professional.

Treating Hemorrhoids: Self-CareTratamiento de las hemorroides: Autocuidado

Treating Hemorrhoids: Self-Care

Follow your doctor's advice about caring for your hemorrhoids at home. Some treatments help relieve symptoms right away. Others involve making changes in your diet and exercise habits. These can help ease constipation and prevent hemorrhoid symptoms from coming back.

Woman preparing bath water

Relieving Symptoms

Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication to help ease your symptoms. The following tips will also help relieve pain and swelling.

  • Take Sitz Baths. Taking a sitz bath means sitting in a few inches of warm bath water. Soaking for 15-20 minutes twice a day can provide welcome relief from painful hemorrhoids. It can also help the area stay clean.

  • Develop Good Bowel Habits. Use the bathroom when you need to. Don't ignore the urge to go. This can lead to constipation, hard stools, and straining. Also, don't read while on the toilet. Sit only as long as needed. Wipe gently with soft, unscented toilet tissue or baby wipes.

  • Use Ice Packs. Placing an ice pack on a thrombosed external hemorrhoid can help relieve pain right away. It will also help reduce the blood clot. Use the ice for 15-20 minutes at a time. Keep a cloth between the ice and your skin to prevent skin damage.

  • Use Other Measures. Laxatives and enemas can help ease constipation. But use them only on your doctor's advice. For symptom relief, try using cotton pads soaked in witch hazel. These are available at most drugstores. Over-the-counter hemorrhoid ointments and petroleum jelly can also provide relief.

Add Fiber to Your Diet

Adding fiber to your diet can help relieve constipation by making stools softer and easier to pass. To increase your fiber intake, your doctor may recommend a bulking agent, such as psyllium. This is a high-fiber supplement available at most grocery and drugstores. Eating more fiber-rich foods will also help. There are two types of fiber:

  • Insoluble fiber is the main ingredient in bulking agents. It's also found in foods such as wheat bran, whole-grain breads, fresh fruits, and vegetables.

  • Soluble fiber is found in foods such as oat bran. Although soluble fiber is good for you, it may not ease constipation as much as foods high in insoluble fiber.

Drink More Water

Along with a high-fiber diet, drinking more water can help ease constipation. This is because insoluble fiber absorbs water, making stools soft and bulky. Be sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day. Drinking fruit juices, such as prune juice or apple juice, can also help prevent constipation.

Get More Exercise

Regular exercise aids digestion and helps prevent constipation. It's also great for your health. So talk with your doctor about starting an exercise program. Low-impact activities, such as swimming or walking, are good places to start. Take it easy at first. And remember to drink plenty of water when you exercise.

High-Fiber Foods

High-fiber foods offer many benefits. By making your stools softer, they help heal and prevent swollen hemorrhoids. They may also help reduce the risk of colon and rectal cancer. Best of all, they're usually low in calories and taste great. Here are some examples of fiber-rich foods.

  • Whole grains, such as wheat bran, corn bran, and brown rice.

  • Vegetables, especially carrots, broccoli, cabbage, and peas.

  • Fruits, such as apples, bananas, raisins, peaches, and pears.

  • Nuts and legumes, especially peanuts, lentils, and kidney beans.

Easy Ways to Add Fiber

The tips below offer some simple ways to add more high-fiber foods to your meals.

  • Start your day with a high-fiber breakfast. Eat a wheat bran cereal along with a sliced banana. Or, try peanut butter on whole-wheat toast.

  • Eat carrot sticks for snacks. They're easy to prepare, taste great, and are low in calories.

  • Use whole-grain breads instead of white bread for sandwiches.

  • Eat fruits for treats. Try an apple and some raisins instead of a candy bar.

Publication Source: American Academy of Family Physicians

Publication Source: National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse

Online Source: American Academy of Family Physicians

Online Source: National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse

Date Last Reviewed: 2005-01-01T00:00:00-07:00

Date Last Modified: 2005-01-01T00:00:00-07:00

For top-quality, up-to-date care for gastrointestinal problems, trust the board-certified, experienced GI specialists trusted by thousands of patients and their doctors for nearly 30 years. Call Gastroenterology Consultants at (281) 481-9400 or fill out our online Request an Appointment form to schedule your consultation with us.

Gastroenterology Consultants


444 FM 1959, Suite A,
Houston, TX 77034
Direct Phone: 281-481-9400

St. John

2060 Space Park Drive, Suite 306
Nassau Bay, TX 77058
Direct Phone: 281-892-2460

Clear Lake

250 Blossom Street, Suite 210 Webster, TX 77598
Direct Phone: 281-316-1119


4211 Fairmont Parkway
Pasadena, TX 77504
Direct Phone: 832-456-8434


15015 Kirby Dr. Ste.200A
Pearland, TX 77047
Direct Phone: 713-343-6360

League City

2555 S. Gulf Freeway Ste. 500
League City, TX 77573
Direct Phone: 281-481-9400

Gastroenterology Consultants is a leader in advanced, comprehensive gastrointestinal care. We specialize in up-to-date gastrointestinal care, which includes screening and treatment for colon cancer, heartburn and acid reflux, esophageal disorders and difficulty swallowing, peptic ulcers, H. pylori, gallstones and other gallbladder disorders, rectal bleeding and hemorrhoids, malabsorption and celiac disease, liver diseases - hepatitis C, hepatitis B, cirrhosis, fatty liver disease, hepatoma and liver cancer, abdominal pain, noncardiac chest pain, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer, anemia, nausea and vomiting, gas and bloating and lactose intolerance

Gastroenterology Consultants also offers colonoscopy screening for colorectal cancer, EGD & capsule endoscopy small-bowel, endoscopic ultrasound, Bravo 48-hour pH monitoring, H. pylori breath testing, esophageal manometry and impedance testing, hemorrhoid band ligation, esophageal dilatation, advanced therapeutic ERCP, Biologic therapy, treatment of Barrett's esophagus, common bile duct stones and endoscopic mucosal resection.