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Salmonella Infection (Salmonellosis)Infecci³n por Salmonela (salmonelosis)

Salmonella Infection (Salmonellosis)

To prevent transmission of Salmonella, wash all utensils, dishes, and cutting boards with soap and hot water, especially after preparing raw meats or eggs.
Salmonella infection (also called salmonellosis) is an intestinal illness caused by Salmonella bacteria. Some animals (such as reptiles and birds) often carry Salmonella. You can be infected from eating or drinking contaminated food or water. Contamination occurs when food or water comes in contact with stool from infected people or animals. Beef, pork, chicken, eggs, and unpasteurized milk are more likely to have Salmonella than other foods. Salmonella is most often passed through food that hasn't been cooked well enough or that contacts raw meat or eggs.

Common Symptoms of Salmonella Infection

Symptoms often appear 12-72 hours after you are infected. Symptoms include:

  • Fever

  • Stomach cramps

  • Diarrhea

  • Vomiting

  • Nausea

Diagnosing Salmonella Infection

A sample of your stool is checked for the presence of Salmonella. More than one stool sample may be needed.

Treating Salmonella Infection

Salmonella infection generally gets better without treatment in 5-7 days. Antibiotics (medications that kill bacteria) may be prescribed if needed. Do not take antidiarrheal medication unless told to by a doctor. It can make the illness last longer and decrease the body's ability to get rid of the Salmonella bacteria. While you are recovering, drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.

Call Your Healthcare Provider If You Have:

  • No improvement in symptoms after 2 days

  • Blood in stool

  • Severe vomiting

  • Severe abdominal pain

  • Signs of dehydration (dry, sticky mouth; decreased urine output; very dark urine)

Preventing Salmonella Infection

Follow these steps to lessen the chances of getting or passing on Salmonella infection:

  • Wash your hands with soap and warm water often. Do this before preparing meals, and after going to the bathroom, changing diapers, or handling pets. Teach your child to do the same.

  • Use a food thermometer when cooking. Cook poultry to at least 165°F. Cook pork and ground meats to at least 160°F. Cook beef or lamb to at least 145°F. Cook eggs until the yolks are firm and are not still runny.

  • Wash or peel produce before eating.

  • Wash cutting boards and utensils with hot water and soap after each use. Clean kitchen counters with bleach or disinfectant.

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For top-quality, up-to-date care for gastrointestinal problems, trust the board-certified, experienced GI specialists trusted by thousands of patients and their doctors for nearly 30 years. Call Gastroenterology Consultants at (281) 481-9400 or fill out our online Request an Appointment form to schedule your consultation with us.

Gastroenterology Consultants

Ellington

444 FM 1959, Suite A,
Houston, TX 77034
Direct Phone: 281-481-9400

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2060 Space Park Drive, Suite 306
Nassau Bay, TX 77058
Direct Phone: 281-892-2460

Clear Lake

250 Blossom Street, Suite 210 Webster, TX 77598
Direct Phone: 281-316-1119

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Pasadena, TX 77504
Direct Phone: 832-456-8434

Pearland

15015 Kirby Dr. Ste.200A
Pearland, TX 77047
Direct Phone: 713-343-6360

League City

2555 S. Gulf Freeway Ste. 500
League City, TX 77573
Direct Phone: 281-481-9400

Gastroenterology Consultants is a leader in advanced, comprehensive gastrointestinal care. We specialize in up-to-date gastrointestinal care, which includes screening and treatment for colon cancer, heartburn and acid reflux, esophageal disorders and difficulty swallowing, peptic ulcers, H. pylori, gallstones and other gallbladder disorders, rectal bleeding and hemorrhoids, malabsorption and celiac disease, liver diseases - hepatitis C, hepatitis B, cirrhosis, fatty liver disease, hepatoma and liver cancer, abdominal pain, noncardiac chest pain, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer, anemia, nausea and vomiting, gas and bloating and lactose intolerance

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